Though there are many types of scalp infection, most present with similar symptoms such as flaking, redness, itching, soreness, lesions, and even hair loss. Genetics can play a role, but people often become susceptible to scalp infections due to factors such as poor hygiene, a compromised immune system, stress, or contact with infected humans or animals. While some diseases like psoriasis can be chronic, others like ringworm resolve within weeks with the right treatment. Identifying the source of an infection is often the first step to finding an effective treatment.
Dermatophytes are a type of fungi that can infect the skin and cause tinea capitis or ringworm. Those most susceptible to this type of fungi are small children, pet owners, and those who come into contact with items such as infected towels, clothing, or bed sheets. Signs and symptoms of scalp ringworm include circular, itchy patches on the scalp where the hair has broken off.
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