The kidneys perform a vital waste filtering function. Their role is so essential that kidney failure becomes a common cause of death. Nephritis describes an inflammation of the kidneys. Doctors divide this condition into several types since the explanations of how it develops vary in each case. Modern medical treatments help with all kinds of nephritis, but it is essential to identify the problem early and start treatment. In the absence of early problem identification, the lack of treatment can lead to kidney failure, and the patient might have to receive kidney dialysis for the remainder of their life.
An allergic reaction to medicine can set off this acute form of nephritis. Doctors take great care when they prescribe antibiotics, or other medications, to make sure the patient will not have an adverse reaction, but sometimes it is impossible to know for certain, or they make an error. This kind of nephritis occurs because the body reacts to the medicine as though it is under attack from a harmful substance. This self-damaging response leads to kidney inflammation. An excess of potassium in the bloodstream is another possible cause.
This variety of acute nephritis usually develops because of a bacterial infection. E.coli bacteria are the main source of such infections. These bacteria live in many human bodies without causing them any harm, but sometimes they can trigger infections in the kidneys. In addition to bacteria, this kind of nephritis could develop in connection with the growth of kidney stones. Patients who need kidney or bladder surgery might also get this disease as an aftereffect of their surgery, or due to an examination of the bladder done through a cystoscopy.
This type of acute nephritis is the most mysterious of them all because medical science remains in the dark over what exactly set it off in most of the cases they examine. Doctors and researchers believe that certain health issues increase the likelihood of a patient getting this disease, for example, problems with their immune system, or an abscess that breaks up and reaches the kidneys via the bloodstream. Perhaps future research is going to reveal more data that will help prevent and make it easier to cure this form of the disease.
Medical studies show that the risks of developing this disease increase for patients in certain groups. There seems to be a hereditary element involved in a disproportionate number of acute nephritis patients have a history of kidney disease in their families. Other groups over-represented in the patient statistics (compared with their percentage in the general population) include people who have undergone urinary tract operations and heavy users of antibiotics and other kinds of medications.
Diagnosis usually begins with a physical examination, and the doctor investigates if the patient falls into one of the higher risk groups. They usually ask for blood and urine tests to see if there are any signs of an infection. Also, a CT scan helps them to detect a kidney problem. One of the surest analysis methods uses a renal biopsy to test an actual sample from the kidney. Doctors only make this invasive test if other diagnosis methods fail to give clear results.
A course of antibiotics is often the most effective treatment for pyelonephritis – the form of the disease that develops due to a bacterial infection. The patient sometimes endures extreme pain, so the doctor prescribes painkillers as well as antibiotics in these situations. Antibiotics taken in tablet form should work in milder cases, but the patient might have to receive these antibiotics intravenously if the infection is particularly severe; the medication works faster if taken this way.
While there is some symptom variation according to the different types of the disease, they do share some common signs. A pain in the area of the kidneys gives the most obvious indication of the presence of this health issue. Patients may experience a burning sensation while urinating, although this might also come from a common urinary tract infection. A need to urinate more often than usual can be another sign of the illness. Some patients run a high fever, and they feel nauseous.
If a person's kidneys do not operate effectively, they easily develop an electrolytes imbalance in the body. The best-known electrolytes are potassium, magnesium, and sodium. These elements fulfill a key function in various chemical processes that healthy bodies require. Sometimes the doctor discovers that their patient lacks electrolytes, so they recommend potassium or phosphorous pills to supplement electrolyte levels. You can also get healthy amounts of these minerals through increasing fruit and vegetable content in meal plans. Sometimes the opposite situation occurs, and the patient needs to get IV fluids to remove an excess of electrolytes that has built up.
Medications make a big difference, but a good recovery from acute nephritis also requires sufficient bed rest. This rest gives the body's self-healing capabilities the best chance to do their job. As well as bed rest, doctors usually recommend sufferers drink plenty of fluids. While dehydration is dangerous for everyone, people with kidney problems need to take extra care to remain well hydrated.
Doctors frequently recommend people with this health condition to lower the amount of sodium in their diet. Too much sodium in the bloodstream causes the kidneys to hold onto water, and this easily progresses to high blood pressure and all its associated health threats. To lower sodium intake, choose fresh meat and vegetables instead of the prepackaged varieties. Instead of putting salt on food to season it, use healthier spices that satisfy taste buds without raising sodium levels.
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