Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive and often slow loss of kidney function over time. Unfortunately, it usually ends with a person developing permanent kidney failure requiring dialysis or a transplant. As opposed to acute kidney failure which can happen over the course of a couple of days, and is often reversible, CKD is a permanent condition. CKD often goes unnoticed until kidney function dips beneath the 25% mark of normal function. As the disease progresses waste and fluid build up in the body. There are many causes of CKD and treatment is usually geared toward treating the underlying cause. The earlier stage (there are five stages) in which it's caught, the better the chance of slowing its progression.
There is no shortage of symptoms that could indicate CKD. These include nausea and vomiting, and a loss of appetite. The ironic pairing of both fatigue and troubles sleeping. Frequent or less frequent urination can also be a reliable indicator along with muscle twitches and cramps. Itching and swelling of the feet and ankles. It's not uncommon to experience shortness of breath or chest pain if there is a fluid build up in the lungs or heart respectively.
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