The kidney is a vital organ of the human body. It is responsible for the removal of waste from the bloodstream. This functionality means that the kidneys are an essential component in maintaining the body in a healthy state. However, some people have kidneys that can't function properly. One of the types of kidney disorders is polycystic kidney disease. Polycystic kidney disease can either be inherited or acquired. Inherited polycystic kidney disease can be autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is the more common type. It can also be called adult polycystic kidney disease because the symptoms begin to appear between the ages of 30 and 40. The autosomal recessive disease occurs less commonly, and its symptoms appear at a younger age and can even begin at birth. Acquired polycystic kidney disease occurs in people who already suffer from a kidney disease like renal failure or repeated dialysis.
The first symptom that polycystic kidney disease patients will suffer from is a pain that occurs in the abdomen, sides, or back. It is the most common symptom. It is present in almost all patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. Patients may also suffer from tenderness in the same areas. The difference between pain and tenderness is that tenderness is only felt when being touched. There are many causes of this pain. One of them is that one of the cysts on the kidney is becoming larger. Pain will also occur if one or more cyst starts to bleed. When the person experiences dull aching pain and starts to feel heaviness in his abdomen, that could be a sign of a polycystic liver.
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