The aortic valve is located on the left side of the heart and controls blood flow in and out of the left ventricle. This is the chamber of the heart responsible for pumping blood into the aorta, a large artery that shares this supply with the rest of the body. Aortic stenosis affects the aortic valve, preventing it from working effectively and reducing the heart's ability to transfer blood throughout the body. Over time, this can lead to serious complications.
Over time, a build-up of calcium can develop in the aortic valve. This causes the valve to narrow and can make the tissue less supple. The narrowing and stiffening of the valve eventually interrupt proper functioning. This affects the flow of blood from the left ventricle of the heart to the aorta and the amount of pressure in the heart.
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