A hemiplegic migraine is a type of a headache or a migraine that's quite rare. The condition causes throbbing and intense pain as well as nausea, and a sensitivity to sounds and light. It can also cause numbness, tingling, and weakness. In more extreme cases, it can even cause a temporary paralysis which usually occurs right before a headache. A hemiplegic migraine typically affects a few people who develop a migraine with aura. This usually includes some visual symptoms such as seeing zigzag patterns or light flashes before or even during a migraine.


1. Types of a hemiplegic migraine

The type of a hemiplegic migraine you have is usually based on your family's migraine history. There are two possible types you can have. The familial hemiplegic migraine or FHM affects 1-2 close relatives within a family. If you suffer from this type of a hemiplegic migraine, then your children may have a chance of inheriting FHM. The other type called sporadic hemiplegic migraine or SHM affects those who don't have any history of a hemiplegic migraine in the family. Since the condition manifests itself in different symptoms, you should consult with a headache specialist or a neurologist for proper diagnosis.

Types of a hemiplegic migraine

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