Most people are familiar with the effects of high cholesterol, but despite the massive amount of information about the dangers of this condition, there are some misconceptions. Dyslipidemia is an abnormal amount of blood lipids in the body. It can affect both HDL and LDL cholesterol levels, triglycerides, or a combination of these. The primary concern with dyslipidemia is an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke.
The most common type of dyslipidemia is hyperlipidemia or high lipid levels. In some cases, yellow bumps called xanthomas appear on the body when lipid levels are extremely high. The less common type of dyslipidemia is hypolipidemia, wherein the lipid levels are too low, often due to hyperthyroidism or cancer. A diagnosis of primary dyslipidemia indicates one or more mutated genes causes the increased lipid levels. Secondary dyslipidemia has more to do with lifestyle and pre-existing medical conditions and is more common.
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