Osteopenia occurs when the body reabsorbs old bone at a faster rate than it makes new bone; essentially, osteoid synthesis or bone development is not sufficient to stop normal bone loss (osteoid lysis). This chronic condition doesn't have a cure, but treatment can make the symptoms more manageable. Osteopenia is a disorder that can last for years, and in some cases, be a lifelong issue. The condition is less severe than osteoporosis; in fact, a person can have osteopenia and not have any symptoms.
Osteopenia can develop as a result of poor dietary health. A diet low in vitamin C can result in weak bones. However, osteopenia can develop for other reasons as well. Smoking, age-related hormonal changes, and particular diseases can cause this problem. Even certain medications can predispose you to develop osteopenia. Women are most at risk for developing the disorder, and it is most prevalent in people over the age of 60, likely due to the changes in bone density that occur after menopause
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