In a healthy back, the discs between the vertebrae provide height, which allows an individual to move and bend. The discs take on the mechanical stress of everyday movements, absorbing pressure and keeping the spine flexible. As the disc tissue deteriorates, it no longer provides the cushioning protection between the vertebrae. Without the cushion, there is reduced flexibility. An individual with degenerative disc disease may notice pain when they bend over, reach for something on a shelf, or perform any twisting motion.
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