When a person develops a hernia, tissues or organs penetrate through the lining of the cavity in which they usually reside. For example, part of the intestine may break through a weak spot in the abdominal muscles. Hernias occur both in males and females but are more common in males. They are categorized depending on the organ where they occur, and predominantly affect the abdominal and groin region. When the blood supply to the involved tissues or organs is restricted, strangulation can cause severe pain and may require immediate surgery to prevent tissue or organ damage. If undiagnosed, hernias can lead to serious illness, but they often respond well to treatment.
The most noticeable sign of a hernia is the presence of a bulging lump in the affected region. This bulge is a protrusion of tissues or organs out of the wall of their cavity. When left untreated, the bulge will become painful as the muscles stretch to their limits and start tearing. This tearing causes more bulging, making the bulge even larger and more painful.
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