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Kidney stones are small hard stones that form in the kidneys and causes extreme discomfort until they pass through. Most people are willing to try anything to pass a kidney stone quickly. The pain caused by passing a kidney stone is often compared to childbirth. Before making any assumptions about your diagnosis, check with your doctor to confirm that your pain is indeed associated with a kidney stone.

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1. What is a Kidney Stone?

Kidney stones (nephrolithiasis) are small hard deposits of minerals that form inside your kidneys. These minerals are common in urine but will form into stones when they become more concentrated.

Calcium stones are the most common, but other types include uric acid stones, struvite infection stones, and cystine stones. It is important to have the stone tested after it has passed to determine what type it was.

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