Compost consists of decomposed organic substances. The microbes that break down fallen leaves, deceased animals, or dead trees in nature also create compost. Decomposition produces fertile, soft, dark soil that maintains forests and other plant life. A lawn or personal garden thrives on compost too.

Composting drastically reduces food and other organic wastes. Approximately 700 pounds of waste per household turns into compost instead of trash each year. Composting is good for the environment and provides rich fertilizer to grow large, healthy produce or beautiful flowers.


1. Composting Site and Bins

Composting requires at least 3 square feet of outdoor space. The site should be flat with good drainage. Remove grass and weeds and turn the soil to about 8-inches. Place the compost bin directly on soil so earthworms and microorganisms can reach the compost. A closed compost bin controls odors and helps the aesthetics of a patio or lawn. Surround the bin with chicken wire to keep wildlife or dogs out of the compost.

compost bin, site, space, drainage Gannet77 / Getty Images


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