First bred in the Brittany region of France, the Brittany spaniel has existed since the 17th century. French hunters relied on this breed to track down several types of birds, including pheasants and ducks. Peasants also valued this breed for its versatility.
In the early 1930s, the Brittany spaniel arrived in the United States, and the breed was added to the American Kennel Club (AKC) registry within three years. Due to changes in American breeding practices, the AKC shortened the official breed name to Brittany in the early 1980s.
According to AKC breed standards, a Brittany spaniel should be anywhere from 17.5 to 20.5 inches high. A typical Brittany spaniel weighs between 30 and 40 pounds. One of the reasons the Brittany spaniel makes an excellent bird dog is because it has long legs and a compact body.
The breed is known for its floppy ears, wedge-shaped skull, tapered muzzle, and sloping shoulders. In terms of coat color, the Brittany spaniel is usually orange and white or reddish-brown and white. Some dogs also have ticking, a spotted pattern that appears in white sections of the coat.
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