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It is a well-documented fact that humans learn from their environments. Behavioral psychologists have studied this idea for nearly a century. One such behaviorist, Dr. B.F. Skinner, broke away from the rest and focused extensively on why humans behave in certain ways and whether or not those behaviors could be modified through positive and negative reinforcement. Dr. Skinner had believed that, given the proper reward, humans would repeat desired behaviors.

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1. History

Dr. Skinner's theory was based on Edward Thorndike's Law of Effect, which states that responses that produce a satisfying effect in a situation are more likely to be repeated than responses that produce a negative effect in the same situation. Thorndyke's theory only sought to develop associations between events. Skinner expanded his theory to include the potential to learn from the consequences of those responses.

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