Electrolytes are vital for healthy functioning. Many bodily processes require a small electrical current, and when dissolved in water, electrolytes play this role. Electrolytes can interact with each other and a person's nerves, tissues, and muscles. Different electrolytes carry out different processes, so it's important to have a balance of different types in the body. Imbalances or deficiencies in electrolytes can cause a range of health problems.
Electrolytes are chemicals that carry electric charges in the nerves and muscles. For example, the heart uses electrolytes to help it beat. The compounds also regulate bodily hydration, control blood pressure, and help repair damaged tissue. Magnesium, potassium, calcium, and sodium are all electrolytes. The latter three are necessary for muscle contraction.
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