The tongue helps us taste, eat, and form language. It is also a good indicator of our overall health and well-being. While some bumps and discoloration are harmless, changes to the tongue can also be the body's way of revealing underlying conditions. Knowing the difference can help with the diagnosis and treatment of ailments or bring unknown allergies and nutritional deficiencies to attention.


1. Normal Lumps and Bumps

A healthy tongue is pink, mucusy, and covered with small bumps called papillae, which contain taste buds and grip food to move it around while chewing. At the front of the tongue, a group of papillae without taste buds detects food textures. Sometimes, the sides of the tongue develop lumps in the gaps between missing teeth, but this is harmless. Symmetrical lumps are also not a cause for concern.

A healthy, pink tongue Deagreez / Getty Images

More on Facty Health


This site offers information designed for educational purposes only. You should not rely on any information on this site as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment, or as a substitute for, professional counseling care, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other healthcare professional.