Watching your dog have a seizure is both terrifying and heartbreaking. The seizure can take many forms, such as twitching and convulsing, drooling, defecating, urinating, rigidity of limb, snapping, biting or even losing consciousness. There are several different types of seizures, such as generalized (grand mal), partial (petit mal) Status epilepticus, which is a seizure lasting more than five minutes and cluster, which is when your dog has two or more seizures within 24 hours. Seizures occur when the brain’s electrical impulses are disrupted. The brain sends confusing messages through the nervous system, which results in the uncharacteristic behavior. There are numerous causes of seizures: Genetics, diet, illness (such as a brain tumor) and environment can all trigger seizures.
Often, your dog may exhibit warning signs that a seizure is coming. He may appear restless and anxious. He could also appear fearful and clinging or behave oppositely, such as seeking seclusion. Dogs can also exhibit a dazed, “staring into space” expression. If these behaviors are unusual for your dog, keep an eye on him.
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