Everyone needs micronutrients to function optimally. While macronutrients such as protein, carbohydrates, and fat are also important, micronutrients refer to the vitamins and minerals the body needs in much smaller quantities. Since no single food contains all the micronutrients we need, it’s important to understand what these micronutrients are and what to eat to get enough of them to support good health. There are countless health benefits of micronutrients.
Folic acid refers to a group of B vitamins essential for good health. It promotes the synthesis of nucleic acid. Nucleic acid carries our cells’ genetic information. Folic acid also plays a vital role in amino acid metabolism and helps in the production of various proteins. Folic acid is especially important for pregnant women. A lack of folic acid in the early stages of pregnancy raises the risk of premature birth. Infants who did not get enough folic acid in the womb are at increased risk for birth defects like spinal cord malformations, heart defects, and other health conditions.
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