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During the Columbian Exchange, chayote squash spread from Mexico to Africa, Asia, Europe, and other parts of the Americas. As a result, the small- to medium-sized fruit appears in many Latin American dishes. Recently, the many health benefits of the plant have boosted its popularity dramatically. The chayote squash contains many vitamins and antioxidants that provide its beneficial cardiovascular and anti-inflammatory effects.

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1. Vitamin B

Some of the most important processes in the body require B vitamins. Niacin can help lower cholesterol and ease arthritis. Riboflavin helps break down carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Thiamin enables energy release from sugars and amino acids. Chayote squash contains many of these B complex vitamins, including those mentioned above, folate, vitamin B6, and pantothenic acid. Chayote squash can also prevent disease and conditions such as anemia that result from a lack of vitamin B.

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