Cystoscopy is a type of a procedure performed by a urologist used to examine the inside of your bladder and urethra. It is used to monitor the health of your bladder and the entire urinary tract, as well as establishing a diagnosis based on symptoms you may be having.

This pretty standard procedure is often confusing because people don’t understand how it’s done or why. It’s time to dispel the misinformation using this concise but extensive FAQ article.


1. How is a cystoscopy performed?

To perform a cystoscopy, a urologist needs a cystoscope.  A cystoscope is a hollow tube with a lens on the end of it. By connecting the cystoscope to a screen, your provider can see the inside of your urethra and bladder and examine them accordingly. It’s one of the most standard procedures in urology, designed to diagnose and treat a variety of urologic conditions.

Because a rigid tube is being placed in the urethra up to the bladder, it can be uncomfortable. Several methods can be used to make this procedure less painful. The first involves using anesthetic jelly to numb the walls of your urethra. A second choice involves conscious sedation, a similar type of sedation used when you get a colonoscopy. Finally, a cystoscopy can be done in the operating room while you are under general anesthesia. Sometimes a combination approach is best.


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