In the last decade, the number of people with obesity has risen to epidemic proportions. Childhood obesity rates have increased as well. According to the World Health Organization, the global numbers of childhood obesity have climbed from 32 to 41 million since 1990. Childhood obesity is defined as excessive fat accumulation where the child's weight gain is much higher in proportion to their change in height. This kind of excess weight gain can lead to adverse outcomes for the child's health and well-being.
Childhood obesity is a more recent phenomenon compared to adult obesity. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that childhood obesity has more than tripled since 1970. Before the 1970s, many factors that today contribute to obesity were not as common. Studies suggest these recent increases will continue, but research and knowledge have increased and more is being done to educate and make positive changes to prevent an epidemic.
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