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Whole grains, which are naturally high in fiber, antioxidants, and complex carbohydrates, are the healthiest kinds of grains. Fiber can reduce the risk of chronic illnesses such as cardiovascular disease and cancer. Of all the dietary fibers, wheat bran is the most researched, with many studies focusing on its benefits. The popularity of this food is increasing as consumers learn more about the connections between what we eat and disease prevention.

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1. The Wheat Kernel and Wheat Bran

One bushel of wheat contains around one million kernels. Wheat bran is one of three parts of the wheat kernel, which also includes the endosperm and the germ. The endosperm contains mostly starches and proteins that produce white flour. The germ is the embryo of the wheat kernel and contains polyunsaturated fat and vitamin E, selenium, and thiamin. Wheat bran, the hard, protective outer shell of the kernel, is a by-product of the milling process. It contains a high percentage of phytochemicals or flavonoids, lignans, and saponins.

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