Everyone copes with changes as they age: wrinkles, memory lapses, body aches and pains. While some of these things are universal regardless of sex, women over 40 face unique health challenges all their own. Knowing what to expect is important, as is learning how to prevent serious illness and health complications to keep looking and feeling good for as long as possible.


1. Menstruation Changes

After age 40, most women enter perimenopause, when hormones begin to fluctuate as the body prepares to transition into menopause. Changes in estrogen and progesterone, in particular, cause sleep disturbances, acne, headaches, weight gain, hair growth, dry skin, hot flashes, and more. There are emotional symptoms, too, like anxiety, short term memory loss, and mood swings. These symptoms can appear up to eight years before the onset of menopause.

Symptoms Perimenopause Menopause fizkes / Getty Images

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