2. Symptoms

Biology, environment, psychology, and social factors play significant roles in PMDD. Symptoms include feelings of hopelessness, crippling panic, and rage and can impair interpersonal relationships and negatively affect an individual's quality of life. If these symptoms persist for two or three menstrual cycles, doctors may start to formulate a diagnosis. Fewer than 10 out of every 100 women develop PMDD, and symptoms are independent of ethnicity or culture.

PMDD-Symptoms Hopelessness disorder psychology pixelfit / Getty Images

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