Nabothian cysts do not normally cause complications. However, the cysts can grow quite large, or the woman may develop several at once. When a woman has very large or numerous cysts on her cervix, this can make pap smears and gynecological examinations painful or even impossible. When this happens, the woman requires treatment to ensure regular health care appointments can continue. Because nabothian cysts are filled with mucus, they have the potential to rupture. This can cause unusual discharge and bleeding from the vagina, which may have a slight odor.
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