Nabothian cysts are tiny growths that form on a woman's cervix. They are also known as cervical cysts, mucinous retention cysts, or epithelial cysts. The cervix or cervical canal connects the vagina to the uterus. Nabothian cysts are a reasonably common condition and normally pose no risk to a woman's health. They are not a sign that a woman has, or is likely to develop, cervical cancer.
Nabothian cysts are usually painless and tend not to cause symptoms unless they increase in size. Most women are unaware that they have a nabothian cyst until a doctor notes it during a pelvic exam. Nabothian cysts measure between a couple of millimeters and one and a half inches in diameter, although most measure less than half an inch. The cysts are filled with white or yellow mucus and have a smooth appearance. A woman may have just one nabothian cyst or several at once.
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