Pain during the passing of urine or difficulty starting a urine flow and keeping it going is called dysuria. There are many causes for this condition, including infection, irritation of the urinary tract from sexual activity, and interstitial cystitis, which would indicate bladder inflammation. Dysuria is more common in women, and when it occurs in men, they tend to be older. People who visit a doctor with concerns about dysuria will usually receive a urinalysis so the physician can look for white blood cells, a sign of infection in the urinary tract.
Stones that form in the urinary tract, bladder, or kidneys can irritate the urethra as they pass through. Soaps and other hygiene products can cause temporary urethra inflammation and dysuria. Medications such as some cancer treatments can irritate the bladder and urethra during elimination. Eating certain foods such as spicy peppers may result in irritants in the urine.
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