Hydrotherapy comes from the Greek word for "water healing." Practitioners of occupational therapy, physiotherapy, and alternative healing all use hydrotherapy to help heal people with pain and chronic conditions. The healing powers of water were known in ancient Greek, Roman, and Egyptian societies and described in writings from ancient Japan and China. In modern times, hydrotherapy began as physiotherapy in water, but it has grown past this narrow definition in recent years and now covers using water for rehabilitation, exercise, relaxation, and more, both in the home and with the help of professionals.
Hydrotherapy uses water to help relieve pain and other symptoms of various health conditions. It can utilize hot or cold water and sometimes uses a mix of both. Water therapy can take place in pools, hot tubs, and Jacuzzis, as well as more unusual places such as a Swiss shower, Scotch hose, or the sea. Hydrotherapy can involve exercises and movements as seen in aquatic physiotherapy, but effective treatments also include mineral baths, underwater massage, or just relaxing in weightlessness the water provides.
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