Ankyloglossia or tongue-tie causes the membrane on the bottom of the tongue, the lingual frenulum, to be shorter and thicker than average, resulting in the tongue tip having less mobility and freedom of movement. Doctors usually diagnose the condition shortly after birth, when new mothers or physicians notice a newborn struggle with breastfeeding. Children with this condition may be unable to stick out their tongue, and it can affect eating, speech, and swallowing.


1. Signs and Symptoms of Ankyloglossia

The signs and symptoms of ankyloglossia may include the following:

  • Problems with moving the tongue side-to-side or with touching the top of the mouth.
  • A heart-shaped or forked looking tongue.
  • The inability to stick the tongue out.
  • Various problems with breastfeeding.
  • Speech problems with sounds like ‘t’, ‘n’, or ‘d’.
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