Glossitis causes swelling and inflammation of the tongue. It can also cause changes in the tongue's color and texture. The tongue plays a vital role in chewing, swallowing, and forming speech. For this reason, glossitis can interfere with eating and speaking, especially if the condition is severe. It can be a sign of a more serious underlying health condition.
Acute glossitis develops very suddenly and can cause severe symptoms. This is more common if allergies caused the condition. Chronic glossitis leads to repeated bouts of tongue inflammation and is more likely to indicate an underlying health problem. Atrophic glossitis or Hunter's glossitis occurs when the small bumps on the surface of the tongue (papillae) shrink. This causes the tongue to develop a shiny or glossy appearance. Finally, candida yeast infections cause median rhomboid glossitis.
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