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2. Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease that affects the brain and spinal cord. Potentially disabling, it occurs when there is damage to the outer covering of nerve cells. As a result, nerve signals slow or stop. Multiple sclerosis can cause symptoms such as lack of coordination, vision problems, extreme fatigue, and cognitive impairment. Often, delayed swallowing responses also develop, leading to difficulty swallowing; over time, the pharyngeal wall may also weaken. While there is no cure, managing multiple sclerosis is possible with proper treatment.

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