The testicles are an important component of the male anatomy -- they store semen until the body requires it, and also keep this bodily fluid at the proper temperature so that it remains healthy. A protective sac, the scrotum, encloses the testicles. Despite this protection, these glands can still face medical problems. Men may experience pain due to physical injury, infection, inflammation and other complications. Medication can treat some conditions, while others may require surgery. Such complications can cause minor problems or can lead to sterilization.
Testicular torsion takes place when the testicle rotates, causing the spermatic cord to twist. Since the spermatic cord is responsible for supplying blood to the scrotum, this restricts blood flow, which causes sudden and severe testicle pain and swelling. Although this condition is most common between the ages of 12 and 18, it can occur at any age. Testicular torsion may require emergency surgery. If treated promptly, doctors can often save the testicle. However, the longer without blood flow to the scrotum, the higher the chances of severe damage. Risk factors for testicular torsion include age, previous incidents, and a family history of testicular tortion.
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