Meningitis is a severe inflammatory condition that affects the innermost, or arachnoid, layer of the meninges. These are the delicate membranes that protect both the brain and the spinal cord. Meningitis also affects the cerebrospinal fluid, which circulates in the ventricles and the subarachnoid space. Having Meningitis a medical emergency. Typically, it's caused by infections transmitted by microorganisms, particularly bacteria and viruses. Anyone can be affected by meningitis. Children under five years and teenagers are the most at risk of bacterial infection due to meningococcus. In some cases, other diseases can have an impact on the meninges, as do certain drugs. If meningitis is detected in the early stages, a range of treatments is possible, including antibiotics, antiviral drugs, and corticosteroids. Therefore, early detection is of utmost importance.
People with both bacterial and viral meningitis tend to run a fever. With bacterial meningitis, the fever comes on suddenly, reaching high temperatures that can be anxiety-provoking. Patients may also experience cold hands or feet. Viral meningitis usually causes a low-grade fever that easily subsides with over-the-counter medication. The fever in both cases is accompanied by chills as well, often leading people to confuse meningitis with common flu.
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