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To understand what to eat with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), it is helpful to understand a few key things about it. IBS is a gut-brain disorder, which means the problem arises from the way the brain and the gut work together. The sensitivities that occur with IBS result from the way the muscles in the gut contract. With IBS, there is often no sign of visible damage or disease in the bowel.

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1. FODMAPs

Researchers have identified FODMAPs as probable triggers to IBS. FODMAPs stands for Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides And Polyols. These are short-chain carbohydrates that cause multiple issues in the gut, including increased fluid and gas, which leads to pain, bloating, and bowel changes. Avoiding FODMAPs can greatly improve IBS symptoms. One study found that eliminating FODMAPs improved symptoms in 76% of people with IBS.

FODMAP Carbohydrates Avoid jeffbergen / Getty Images
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