Waardenburg syndrome is a group of genetic conditions that cause hearing loss and pigmentation changes to eyes, hair, and skin. The pattern and degree to which individuals are affected varies greatly. In recent years, researchers identified several genetic types of this syndrome. Each type has a different pattern of symptoms.


1. Genetics

Waardenburg syndrome is a genetic condition inherited from one parent. The parent may be affected by the mutated gene, or just a carrier. The pattern of inheritance differs based on the type of gene mutation. It is common for several siblings to have the syndrome, but the signs may present in different ways.

Double helix gene from2015 / Getty Images

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