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Vestibular neuritis or neuronitis is a disorder resulting from inflammation affecting the vestibular nerve of the inner ear. This nerve carries information about head position and balance to the brain. As a result, most of the symptoms of vestibular neuritis affect balance. The issue can resolve in a matter of weeks, or it may become chronic. Many people also use the term “labyrinthitis” to refer to vestibular neuritis, though there are differences between the two conditions.

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1. Causes

Vestibular neuritis develops when an infection causes inflammation of the vestibular nerve. Usually, these infections begin as sore throats, colds, or the flu, mostly stemming from a virus, though a bacterial infection can also be responsible. Middle ear infections or meningitis, for instance, can lead to vestibular neuritis. Head injuries can also allow bacteria to travel into the inner ear.

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