Down syndrome is a genetic chromosome disorder that is caused when abnormal cell division results in extra genetic material from chromosome 21. Individuals with Down syndrome develop distinct mental and physical features. Many suffer from learning delays and disabilities, as well as developmental problems that affect their bones and muscles. Those with this disorder are more prone to developing other medical conditions, such as heart problems. Keep reading to learn about ten symptoms of Down syndrome.
One of the most common issues caused by Down syndrome is the poor development of muscles and ligaments that support different parts of the body. This applies especially to the neck, where the supporting muscles appear weak and loose. As a result, Down syndrome patients are at risk of developing other conditions, such as spinal cord compression, a condition in which the bones in the neck exert pressure on the spinal cord. This can often lead to further weakness in the muscles as well as coordination problems. Physical therapy can help children improve posture and avoid complications.
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