People diagnosed with prolactinoma develop a benign tumor or adenoma on the pituitary gland in the brain, which leads to an overproduction of the hormone prolactin. The most noticeable effect of this is a decrease in testosterone levels in men and estrogen levels in women. Other symptoms include infertility and vision impairment. Depending on the size of the growth and severity of the condition, there are various treatments for prolactinoma, including medications, surgeries, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.


1. Goals of Treatment

Unfortunately, complete treatment of prolactinoma isn’t always possible, depending on the size of the tumor. When attempting to treat prolactinoma, physicians instead attempt to reach various goals:

  • Return prolactin production to normal.
  • Reduce the size of the adenoma on the pituitary gland.
  • Restore the pituitary gland and allow it to function properly.
  • Alleviate and prevent symptoms of tumor pressure, namely headaches and vision issues.
  • Improve the general quality of life of the patient.
prolactinoma medication Cecilie_Arcurs / Getty Images

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