For the body to function properly, it is essential that it maintains an appropriate acid-base balance. Normal blood pH is between 7.35 and 7.45. Anything higher than 7.45 indicates alkalosis or an excess of base in the body. This is the opposite of acidosis, in which there is too much acid. There are two types of alkalosis and multiple causes to consider.
Maintaining an appropriate acid-base balance involves several organs and complicated chemical reactions, and in a healthy person, the body is well-equipped to make adjustments to correct any problems that do arise. Generally, alkalosis occurs through the loss of acid or excess bicarbonate production. A person may develop respiratory alkalosis or metabolic alkalosis.
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