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3. Synovial Membrane

The thin synovial membrane lines the articular capsule. Cells within this membrane produce albumin and hyaluronan. These two substances give synovial fluid an egg white consistency and slickness. Synovium is a porous connective tissue layer under the synovial membrane. Synovium exchanges nutrients between blood and synovial fluid and aid in injury healing processes.

membrane synovial fluid PeopleImages / Getty Images
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