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For many years, doctors have applied a broad diagnostic brush when it comes to gender and disease, despite the biological differences between men and women. Modern medicine is finally catching up to the idea that different sexes respond differently under certain conditions, and that those differences affect disease manifestation, progression, and prognosis. Understanding the various paths these conditions take means faster identification and more succinct treatment options that will improve survival rates.

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1. Hair Loss

There are a few physical and psychological differences between men and women when it comes to hair loss. General hair loss is more noticeable in men because it tends to be more obvious and starts from the hairline. Women tend to experience diffuse (more evenly distributed) hair-thinning at the crown, instead of complete baldness. Men who lose their hair in their 20s and 30s may develop anxiety or other symptoms as a result. However, the social stigma around this loss is arguably less than for women; female pattern balding can have a significant psychological impact due to the emphasis society places on hair being the prime indicator of femininity and beauty in women. There are also more products marketed to men than women to address this issue.

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