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2. General Directional Terms

In anatomical terminology, specific terms describe structures relative to other structures of the body. Anterior or ventral refers to the front of the body, while posterior or dorsal refers to the back. When something is located higher or above another part of the body, it is said to be superior; the knee is superior to the foot. When something is lower than another part of the body, it is inferior. The stomach is inferior to the heart.

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