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A goiter is an abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland. It can occur when your thyroid is producing too many or not enough hormones. However, it can also happen if your thyroid is functioning correctly. A goiter’s presence can indicate that a condition or infection is causing the thyroid to grow abnormally. If you suspect your thyroid is over- and under-active, see your doctor right away.

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1. What is the thyroid gland?

The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland located in the lower front of your neck. The thyroid is responsible for releasing hormones that regulate many aspects of the body. Some essential features include keeping you warm, giving you energy, and keeping all organs functioning correctly. Thyroxine is the name of the hormone the thyroid gland produces.

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This site offers information designed for educational purposes only. You should not rely on any information on this site as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment, or as a substitute for, professional counseling care, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other health-care professional.