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The largest organ in the body, the liver plays a crucial role in many bodily functions. It sits in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen, beneath the diaphragm and on top of the stomach. We would not be able to survive without the liver, but several conditions can affect it, such as hepatitis and cirrhosis. Hepatomegaly causes the liver to swell beyond its normal size. Rather than being a disease, however, this condition often signals an underlying issue such as cancer or congestive heart failure.

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1. What is Hepatomegaly?

Hepatomegaly is an abnormal swelling of the liver, which leads to enlargement of the organ. A non-specific sign, it often results from pathological processes such as infections or tumors; sometimes jaundice -- a yellow discoloration of the skin -- accompanies this symptom. Because it is often asymptomatic in mild cases, hepatomegaly tends to go unnoticed for long periods. Depending on the underlying cause, there is a possibility of long-term liver damage. Fortunately, though, the condition is often treatable.

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