The femoral neck is a bone that connects the head of the femur to the shaft. The neck is significantly thinner than other parts of the femur, making it prone to fractures. Despite the femur being a thigh bone, femoral fractures are hip fractures due to the femoral neck’s proximity to the hip joint. Experts find nearly half of all hip fractures are femoral neck fractures, because the femur and hip joint carry varying loads and tend to weaken with age.
Adults over the age of 65 who have osteoporosis are the most likely to experience femoral neck fractures. Younger people who have femoral neck fractures make up just three to ten percent of instances but can be anywhere from 12 to 50 years old. Women are more likely to fracture their hips than men. The United States has one of the highest incident rates of hip fractures in the world, though it is dropping. People who consume excess alcohol also appear to have higher rates of injury, though this could be due more to their higher chance of falling than any physiological changes.
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