Bursitis causes swelling of bursae, fluid-containing sacs that protect the muscles, tendons, and ligaments and reduce friction. Bursae cushion and aid in the smooth movement of these structures over the bones. Bursitis of the hip affects the function and is often painful.
The most common symptom of bursitis is hip pain, often described as searing or sharp. The pain generally lessens over time but does not go away entirely. Hip bursitis can cause pain in the outer hip and thigh or the top of the buttock, depending upon the bursa involved. Pain in the groin area is more likely to be iliopsoas bursitis. As soon as the pain lessens, doctors may recommend gently exercising the hips to prevent the surrounding muscles from atrophying. People with chronic bursitis may require physical therapy.
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