A cardiac ablation is a type of procedure done by a specialist called an interventional cardiologist, a doctor who performs procedures for heart-related problems. This procedure involves threading long and flexible wires called catheters through a specific blood vessel then into the heart. The cardiologist would make use of electrodes to release safe, electrical pulses to particular parts of the heart as a treatment for irregular heartbeats. Sometimes, it is also done through open heart surgery.
Cardiac ablation isn't a type of surgical procedure, and it's the least-invasive choice for treatment. The doctor would insert a flexible tube into one of the blood vessels of the neck or leg. After that, the doctor would guide the tube all the way to the heart to reach the area that causes the arrhythmia. Then it will deliver electrical signals which destroy the cells and bring back the regular heartbeat. There are two main types of cardiac ablation. In cryoablation, the catheter delivers a balloon attached to a substance which freezes the tissues and creates a scar. In radiofrequency ablation, the catheter sends radio frequency energy which creates circle-shaped scars around the veins.
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