Coronary artery disease is a condition that occurs when the major vessels that supply the heart with blood are damaged. These blood vessels also supply the heart with vital nutrients and oxygen. Coronary artery disease can cause plaque buildup leading to further damage. Regular checks of cholesterol levels will ensure this important factor remains normal and can help catch coronary artery disease early if it does develop.
The three main symptoms of coronary artery disease are shortness of breath, angina, and heart attack. People may experience shortness of breath if their bodies aren't able to pump enough blood to the heart. Extreme fatigue is also common in individuals with coronary artery disease. Angina is a feeling of slight pressure or tightness in the chest and can occur with physical activity or emotional stressors. A heart attack feels more like a crushing pressure in the chest, with pain going down one side of the body. This sign is life-threatening and necessitates an immediate emergency call.
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