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An echocardiogram is a test that helps doctors diagnose and monitor a variety of heart conditions by creating a moving picture of the heart. This picture helps medical professionals identify areas of the organ that are not working as they should, and enables early diagnosis and treatment to prevent complications.

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1. What is an Echocardiogram?

An echocardiogram is an ultrasound test that uses a transducer to send high-pitched sound waves through the heart. As sound waves bounce off different locations within the organ, the device records the echo. The findings are then transformed into a moving picture that displays the patient's heart activity onscreen. There are four types of echocardiograms: stress, Doppler, transesophageal, and transthoracic.

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