Chondrocalcinosis is also known as calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate deposition disease (CPPD). Chondrocalcinosis is the streaking of ones soft tissues with calcium. The body deposits too much calcium in these tissues, leading to the disease. This calcium buildup is most often found in the cartilage and joints, but deposits have been known to exist in other tissues as well. The calcium takes the form of crystals in one's joints. These crystals cause the patient pain by inflaming the softer tissues which it surrounds. This disease tends to affect senior citizens more often than healthy young adults. Some people also know this condition by the name Pseudogout.
You may have calcium crystals in your joints already and not even know it. Not everyone who has calcium crystals in their joints will feel their presence. However, they will show up on X-rays. There are also several types of crystals that can develop, each with their own unique symptoms. The Arthritis Foundation lists three main types of symptoms. Chondrocalcinosis is present in over 20 percent of all people at age 80 years or older, but most show no symptoms. The knee joint is most commonly affected joint. Calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease may take a few different arthritis-related forms: osteoarthritis, chronic rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-like inflammatory arthritis, or pseudogout.
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